SquirrelMail – Error: Connection dropped by IMAP server

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I am trying to use SquirrelMail on Ubuntu 16.04.
When I go to localhost/squirrelmail/src/login.php and login, I encounter the error message: ERROR: Connection dropped by IMAP server.
I tried the solution here, which says to add in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf:
protocol imap {
mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u
}

but the error persists.
Additionally, I tried the solution here, which informs to add in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf:
namespace inbox {
inbox = yes
}

but again, the error persists.
My /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf file is:
## Dovecot configuration file
# If you’re in a hurry, see http://wiki2.dovecot.org/QuickConfiguration
# “doveconf -n” command gives a clean output of the changed settings. Use it
# instead of copy&pasting files when posting to the Dovecot mailing list.
# ‘#’ character and everything after it is treated as comments. Extra spaces
# and tabs are ignored. If you want to use either of these explicitly, put the
# value inside quotes, eg.: key = “# char and trailing whitespace ”
# Most (but not all) settings can be overridden by different protocols and/or
# source/destination IPs by placing the settings inside sections, for example:
protocol imap {
mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u
}
#local 127.0.0.1 { }, remote 10.0.0.0/8 { }
# Default values are shown for each setting, it’s not required to uncomment
# those. These are exceptions to this though: No sections (e.g. namespace {})
# or plugin settings are added by default, they’re listed only as examples.
# Paths are also just examples with the real defaults being based on configure
# options. The paths listed here are for configure –prefix=/usr
# –sysconfdir=/etc –localstatedir=/var
# Enable installed protocols
!include_try /usr/share/dovecot/protocols.d/*.protocol
# A comma separated list of IPs or hosts where to listen in for connections.
# “*” listens in all IPv4 interfaces, “::” listens in all IPv6 interfaces.
# If you want to specify non-default ports or anything more complex,
# edit conf.d/master.conf.
#listen = *, ::
# Base directory where to store runtime data.
#base_dir = /var/run/dovecot/
# Name of this instance. In multi-instance setup doveadm and other commands
# can use -i <instance_name> to select which instance is used (an alternative
# to -c <config_path>). The instance name is also added to Dovecot processes
# in ps output.
#instance_name = dovecot
# Greeting message for clients.
#login_greeting = Dovecot ready.
# Space separated list of trusted network ranges. Connections from these
# IPs are allowed to override their IP addresses and ports (for logging and
# for authentication checks). disable_plaintext_auth is also ignored for
# these networks. Typically you’d specify your IMAP proxy servers here.
#login_trusted_networks =
# Space separated list of login access check sockets (e.g. tcpwrap)
#login_access_sockets =
# With proxy_maybe=yes if proxy destination matches any of these IPs, don’t do
# proxying. This isn’t necessary normally, but may be useful if the destination
# IP is e.g. a load balancer’s IP.
#auth_proxy_self =
# Show more verbose process titles (in ps). Currently shows user name and
# IP address. Useful for seeing who are actually using the IMAP processes
# (eg. shared mailboxes or if same uid is used for multiple accounts).
#verbose_proctitle = no
# Should all processes be killed when Dovecot master process shuts down.
# Setting this to “no” means that Dovecot can be upgraded without
# forcing existing client connections to close (although that could also be
# a problem if the upgrade is e.g. because of a security fix).
#shutdown_clients = yes
# If non-zero, run mail commands via this many connections to doveadm server,
# instead of running them directly in the same process.
#doveadm_worker_count = 0
# UNIX socket or host:port used for connecting to doveadm server
#doveadm_socket_path = doveadm-server
# Space separated list of environment variables that are preserved on Dovecot
# startup and passed down to all of its child processes. You can also give
# key=value pairs to always set specific settings.
#import_environment = TZ
##
## Dictionary server settings
##
# Dictionary can be used to store key=value lists. This is used by several
# plugins. The dictionary can be accessed either directly or though a
# dictionary server. The following dict block maps dictionary names to URIs
# when the server is used. These can then be referenced using URIs in format
# “proxy::<name>”.
dict {
#quota = mysql:/etc/dovecot/dovecot-dict-sql.conf.ext
#expire = sqlite:/etc/dovecot/dovecot-dict-sql.conf.ext
}
# Most of the actual configuration gets included below. The filenames are
# first sorted by their ASCII value and parsed in that order. The 00-prefixes
# in filenames are intended to make it easier to understand the ordering.
!include conf.d/*.conf
# A config file can also tried to be included without giving an error if
# it’s not found:
!include_try local.conf
namespace inbox {
inbox = yes
}

My /etc/postfix/main.cf is:
# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version
# Debian specific: Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name. The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
biff = no
# appending .domain is the MUA’s job.
append_dot_mydomain = no
# Uncomment the next line to generate “delayed mail” warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h
readme_directory = no
# TLS parameters
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/mailserver.crt
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/mailserver.key
smtpd_use_tls=yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.
smtpd_relay_restrictions = permit_mynetworks permit_sasl_authenticated defer_unauth_destination
myhostname = ubuntu-vm.localdomain
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
mydestination = localhost, localhost.localdomain
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8
#[::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all
inet_protocols = all
smtpd_sasl_local_domain =
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination
smtp_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes
smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/ssl/cacert.pem
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
home_mailbox = Maildir/

Also, I am not sure if the error has something to do with disabling “You have new mail in /var/mail/root”, as solved here with removing MAIL=/var/mail/$ from /etc/login.conf (I guess it is /etc/login.defs in Ubuntu). Anyways, I added it back in /etc/login.defs, so I do not think there should be a problem with it.
Here is my /etc/login.defs:
#
# /etc/login.defs – Configuration control definitions for the login package.
#
# Three items must be defined: MAIL_DIR, ENV_SUPATH, and ENV_PATH.
# If unspecified, some arbitrary (and possibly incorrect) value will
# be assumed. All other items are optional – if not specified then
# the described action or option will be inhibited.
#
# Comment lines (lines beginning with “#”) and blank lines are ignored.
#
# Modified for Linux. –marekm
# REQUIRED for useradd/userdel/usermod
# Directory where mailboxes reside, _or_ name of file, relative to the
# home directory. If you _do_ define MAIL_DIR and MAIL_FILE,
# MAIL_DIR takes precedence.
#
# Essentially:
# – MAIL_DIR defines the location of users mail spool files
# (for mbox use) by appending the username to MAIL_DIR as defined
# below.
# – MAIL_FILE defines the location of the users mail spool files as the
# fully-qualified filename obtained by prepending the user home
# directory before $MAIL_FILE
#
# NOTE: This is no more used for setting up users MAIL environment variable
# which is, starting from shadow 4.0.12-1 in Debian, entirely the
# job of the pam_mail PAM modules
# See default PAM configuration files provided for
# login, su, etc.
#
# This is a temporary situation: setting these variables will soon
# move to /etc/default/useradd and the variables will then be
# no more supported
MAIL_DIR /var/mail/$
#MAIL_FILE .mail
#
# Enable logging and display of /var/log/faillog login failure info.
# This option conflicts with the pam_tally PAM module.
#
FAILLOG_ENAB yes
#
# Enable display of unknown usernames when login failures are recorded.
#
# WARNING: Unknown usernames may become world readable.
# See #290803 and #298773 for details about how this could become a security
# concern
LOG_UNKFAIL_ENAB no
#
# Enable logging of successful logins
#
LOG_OK_LOGINS no
#
# Enable “syslog” logging of su activity – in addition to sulog file logging.
# SYSLOG_SG_ENAB does the same for newgrp and sg.
#
SYSLOG_SU_ENAB yes
SYSLOG_SG_ENAB yes
#
# If defined, all su activity is logged to this file.
#
#SULOG_FILE /var/log/sulog
#
# If defined, file which maps tty line to TERM environment parameter.
# Each line of the file is in a format something like “vt100 tty01”.
#
#TTYTYPE_FILE /etc/ttytype
#
# If defined, login failures will be logged here in a utmp format
# last, when invoked as lastb, will read /var/log/btmp, so…
#
FTMP_FILE /var/log/btmp
#
# If defined, the command name to display when running “su -“. For
# example, if this is defined as “su” then a “ps” will display the
# command is “-su”. If not defined, then “ps” would display the
# name of the shell actually being run, e.g. something like “-sh”.
#
SU_NAME su
#
# If defined, file which inhibits all the usual chatter during the login
# sequence. If a full pathname, then hushed mode will be enabled if the
# user’s name or shell are found in the file. If not a full pathname, then
# hushed mode will be enabled if the file exists in the user’s home directory.
#
HUSHLOGIN_FILE .hushlogin
#HUSHLOGIN_FILE /etc/hushlogins
#
# *REQUIRED* The default PATH settings, for superuser and normal users.
#
# (they are minimal, add the rest in the shell startup files)
ENV_SUPATH PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
ENV_PATH PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/local/games:/usr/games
#
# Terminal permissions
#
# TTYGROUP Login tty will be assigned this group ownership.
# TTYPERM Login tty will be set to this permission.
#
# If you have a “write” program which is “setgid” to a special group
# which owns the terminals, define TTYGROUP to the group number and
# TTYPERM to 0620. Otherwise leave TTYGROUP commented out and assign
# TTYPERM to either 622 or 600.
#
# In Debian /usr/bin/bsd-write or similar programs are setgid tty
# However, the default and recommended value for TTYPERM is still 0600
# to not allow anyone to write to anyone else console or terminal
# Users can still allow other people to write them by issuing
# the “mesg y” command.
TTYGROUP tty
TTYPERM 0600
#
# Login configuration initializations:
#
# ERASECHAR Terminal ERASE character (‘10’ = backspace).
# KILLCHAR Terminal KILL character (‘25’ = CTRL/U).
# UMASK Default “umask” value.
#
# The ERASECHAR and KILLCHAR are used only on System V machines.
#
# UMASK is the default umask value for pam_umask and is used by
# useradd and newusers to set the mode of the new home directories.
# 022 is the “historical” value in Debian for UMASK
# 027, or even 077, could be considered better for privacy
# There is no One True Answer here : each sysadmin must make up his/her
# mind.
#
# If USERGROUPS_ENAB is set to “yes”, that will modify this UMASK default value
# for private user groups, i. e. the uid is the same as gid, and username is
# the same as the primary group name: for these, the user permissions will be
# used as group permissions, e. g. 022 will become 002.
#
# Prefix these values with “0” to get octal, “0x” to get hexadecimal.
#
ERASECHAR 0177
KILLCHAR 025
UMASK 022
#
# Password aging controls:
#
# PASS_MAX_DAYS Maximum number of days a password may be used.
# PASS_MIN_DAYS Minimum number of days allowed between password changes.
# PASS_WARN_AGE Number of days warning given before a password expires.
#
PASS_MAX_DAYS 99999
PASS_MIN_DAYS 0
PASS_WARN_AGE 7
#
# Min/max values for automatic uid selection in useradd
#
UID_MIN 1000
UID_MAX 60000
# System accounts
#SYS_UID_MIN 100
#SYS_UID_MAX 999
#
# Min/max values for automatic gid selection in groupadd
#
GID_MIN 1000
GID_MAX 60000
# System accounts
#SYS_GID_MIN 100
#SYS_GID_MAX 999
#
# Max number of login retries if password is bad. This will most likely be
# overriden by PAM, since the default pam_unix module has it’s own built
# in of 3 retries. However, this is a safe fallback in case you are using
# an authentication module that does not enforce PAM_MAXTRIES.
#
LOGIN_RETRIES 5
#
# Max time in seconds for login
#
LOGIN_TIMEOUT 60
#
# Which fields may be changed by regular users using chfn – use
# any combination of letters “frwh” (full name, room number, work
# phone, home phone). If not defined, no changes are allowed.
# For backward compatibility, “yes” = “rwh” and “no” = “frwh”.
#
CHFN_RESTRICT rwh
#
# Should login be allowed if we can’t cd to the home directory?
# Default in no.
#
DEFAULT_HOME yes
#
# If defined, this command is run when removing a user.
# It should remove any at/cron/print jobs etc. owned by
# the user to be removed (passed as the first argument).
#
#USERDEL_CMD /usr/sbin/userdel_local
#
# Enable setting of the umask group bits to be the same as owner bits
# (examples: 022 -> 002, 077 -> 007) for non-root users, if the uid is
# the same as gid, and username is the same as the primary group name.
#
# If set to yes, userdel will remove the user´s group if it contains no
# more members, and useradd will create by default a group with the name
# of the user.
#
USERGROUPS_ENAB yes
#
# Instead of the real user shell, the program specified by this parameter
# will be launched, although its visible name (argv[0]) will be the shell’s.
# The program may do whatever it wants (logging, additional authentification,
# banner, …) before running the actual shell.
#
# FAKE_SHELL /bin/fakeshell
#
# If defined, either full pathname of a file containing device names or
# a “:” delimited list of device names. Root logins will be allowed only
# upon these devices.
#
# This variable is used by login and su.
#
#CONSOLE /etc/consoles
#CONSOLE console:tty01:tty02:tty03:tty04
#
# List of groups to add to the user’s supplementary group set
# when logging in on the console (as determined by the CONSOLE
# setting). Default is none.
#
# Use with caution – it is possible for users to gain permanent
# access to these groups, even when not logged in on the console.
# How to do it is left as an exercise for the reader…
#
# This variable is used by login and su.
#
#CONSOLE_GROUPS floppy:audio:cdrom
#
# If set to “yes”, new passwords will be encrypted using the MD5-based
# algorithm compatible with the one used by recent releases of FreeBSD.
# It supports passwords of unlimited length and longer salt strings.
# Set to “no” if you need to copy encrypted passwords to other systems
# which don’t understand the new algorithm. Default is “no”.
#
# This variable is deprecated. You should use ENCRYPT_METHOD.
#
#MD5_CRYPT_ENAB no
#
# If set to MD5 , MD5-based algorithm will be used for encrypting password
# If set to SHA256, SHA256-based algorithm will be used for encrypting password
# If set to SHA512, SHA512-based algorithm will be used for encrypting password
# If set to DES, DES-based algorithm will be used for encrypting password (default)
# Overrides the MD5_CRYPT_ENAB option
#
# Note: It is recommended to use a value consistent with
# the PAM modules configuration.
#
ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512
#
# Only used if ENCRYPT_METHOD is set to SHA256 or SHA512.
#
# Define the number of SHA rounds.
# With a lot of rounds, it is more difficult to brute forcing the password.
# But note also that it more CPU resources will be needed to authenticate
# users.
#
# If not specified, the libc will choose the default number of rounds (5000).
# The values must be inside the 1000-999999999 range.
# If only one of the MIN or MAX values is set, then this value will be used.
# If MIN > MAX, the highest value will be used.
#
# SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS 5000
# SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS 5000
################# OBSOLETED BY PAM ##############
# #
# These options are now handled by PAM. Please #
# edit the appropriate file in /etc/pam.d/ to #
# enable the equivelants of them.
#
###############
#MOTD_FILE
#DIALUPS_CHECK_ENAB
#LASTLOG_ENAB
#MAIL_CHECK_ENAB
#OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB
#PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB
#SU_WHEEL_ONLY
#CRACKLIB_DICTPATH
#PASS_CHANGE_TRIES
#PASS_ALWAYS_WARN
#ENVIRON_FILE
#NOLOGINS_FILE
#ISSUE_FILE
#PASS_MIN_LEN
#PASS_MAX_LEN
#ULIMIT
#ENV_HZ
#CHFN_AUTH
#CHSH_AUTH
#FAIL_DELAY
################# OBSOLETED #######################
# #
# These options are no more handled by shadow. #
# #
# Shadow utilities will display a warning if they #
# still appear. #
# #
###################################################
# CLOSE_SESSIONS
# LOGIN_STRING
# NO_PASSWORD_CONSOLE
# QMAIL_DIR

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